Gelendzhik city-resort of Krasnodar region
General information of the Municipal Formation
The Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City is a part of the Krasnodar Region; it has the status of an urban district.
The Municipal Formation includes 21 settlements, 8 of them are located on the seashore and formed as independent resorts.
They include the city of Gelendzhik; the following villages: Kabardinka, Divnomorskoye, Arkhipo-Osipovka, Praskoveyevka, Krinitsa, and two farms: Dzhankhot and Betta.
The total length of the boundaries of the Municipal Formation is 251 km including the length of the coast of 102 km.
The total area of the Municipal Formation is 122,754 hectares including the area of the city of Gelendzhik of 1,925 hectares.
The population of the Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City is 116 thousand people.
The city of Gelendzhik is located 182 km from the regional center, the city of Krasnodar, and 40 km from the nearest railway junction in Novorossiysk.
Communication with the city is carried out by air, as well as by the federal M-4 Don Novorossiysk-Moscow highway.
Within the resort, there is a well-developed network of main and secondary roads connecting the settlements that are a part of the Gelendzhik District.
The Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City is located in the subtropical climate zone.
The climate of the territory is moderately humid and warm; it is characterized by a large number of sunshine hours, mainly in summer and autumn, a relatively rare amount of cloudy days (there are more of them in winter), a small amount of precipitation, moderate air humidity, and fairly stable atmospheric pressure.
Characteristic features of the coastal climate are mild, with short winters, long periods of frost-free days, and hot and humid summers. The average annual air temperature is plus 13.3°C. The warmest time of the year is from mid-June to the end of August with an average air temperature of 24°C; during these months, the maximum of positive temperatures is reached, which is 35-38°C. The coldest month is January with an average monthly temperature of minus 3.9°C and an absolute minimum of minus 18°C.
Priority sectors of the economy
The Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City is a dynamically developing resort of federal significance, which has a high urban planning, natural resource, tourist and recreational, as well as medical and health potential.
In many areas of activity and indicators reflecting the standard of living of the population, the Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City maintains a positive trend.
The sectoral structures of the economy of the Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City include:
Investment activity contributes to the maintenance of the economic development of the Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City. A feature of this stage of economic development is the increase in investment and the implementation of large-scale projects.
Resort and tourist complex
The main direction for the development of the Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City is the sanatorium and resort, as well as tourist and recreational, complexes, which have a stimulating effect on the development of other sectors of the economy; they provide jobs for most of the population during the high season.
Following the master plan of the Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City – the urban district, the territorial planning of the resort city of Gelendzhik is aimed at developing resort, therapeutic and balneological services, at creating a health-improving and recreational, as well as a sports and tourist complex.
This industry includes:
Such large facilities, as Primorye Treatment and Recreation Center JSC, Rus Sanatorium LLC, Zhemchuzhina Morya Sanatorium CJSC, Krasnaya Talka Sanatorium JSC, Basic Sanatorium Named After M.V. Lomonosov JSC, Nadezhda Resort Complex LLC, and others carry out the all-year activity in the territory of the Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City.
The consumer market
In ensuring the life of the resort, one of the important roles is also assigned to the consumer sphere.
In 2020, more than 3,000 trade and service facilities operated in the territory of the Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City; among them, there were about 1,500 retail trade facilities, 4 shopping centers, 5 shopping malls, about 800 public catering enterprises, 20 wholesale and wholesale-and-retail facilities, 1 retail market, about 250 consumer service facilities, 48 car repair shop, and 25 car washes.
More than 90% of consumer enterprises are small and medium-sized enterprises.
In 2020, the retail trade turnover of large and medium-sized enterprises operating in the Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City amounted to 18,839.9 million rubles, which is 19.7% more than the same period in 2019 in current prices.
Among the large and medium-sized enterprises of the Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City providing retail services, there are as follows: Arkhipo-Osipovskiy State Farm CJSC, Dary Kubani Municipal Unitary Enterprise, Gelendzhikfarmatsiya LLC.
The turnover of public catering for large and medium-sized enterprises in 2020 amounted to 1,027.8 million rubles, which is 17.0% more than in 2019 in current prices.
Such large domestic and foreign retail chains as Magnit, Pyatyorochka, Perekryostok, Tabris, and many others are represented in Gelendzhik.
The transport complex
An airport is located in the territory of the Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City.
The construction of the airport opened up great prospects for Black-Sea tourism and increased the overall investment attractiveness of Gelendzhik in the global tourism market.
Currently, an investment project for the construction of a new terminal complex at Gelendzhik Airport is being implemented; it will improve the transport accessibility of the resort and improve the quality of services provided to passengers and airlines.
From the side of the sea, high accessibility to the city will be ensured by the development of the sea communication network.
At the present, guided by the instructions of the President of the Russian Federation, the investment project for the construction of a coastal infrastructure complex in the seaport of Gelendzhik and Gelendzhik Marina, a multifunctional recreational complex is being implemented in the Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City.
Within the project, it is planned to construct a coastal infrastructure complex, which will include a passenger terminal with an international checkpoint, a berth for receiving passenger ships, a yacht marina, bank protection, and hydraulic structures.
The reconstruction of the M-4 Don Highway is also being currently constructed with the arrangement of transport interchanges, which will significantly reduce the traffic congestion of the Gelendzhik road network at the entrances/exits from the city, as well as in the area of turning to the Golubaya Bukhta microdistrict.
6 carriers provide services for the transportation of passengers on regular services of urban and suburban communications in the territory of the Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City.
The largest of them is the Municipal Unitary Enterprise of Passenger Motor Transport Services for the Population (MUE PMTSP).
43 municipal bus services were organized, of which 28 are urban, 13 suburban, and 2 municipal intercity ones.
In total, 94 buses are involved in the work on urban and suburban services.
The transport sector provides jobs for more than 4% of the able-bodied population of the Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City.
The volume of services provided by large and medium-sized enterprises of the transport complex in 2020 amounted to 750.1 million rubles, which is 9.8% more than in 2019 in current prices.
The industrial sector
The industrial sector provides jobs for more than 10% of the able-bodied population of the Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City.
Following the results of work for 2020, large and medium-sized enterprises of the industrial complex shipped products of their own production and provided industrial services for 1,390.6 million rubles including by sector:
The industrial complex of the Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City is represented by large and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises:
The agricultural complex is an accompanying direction in the development of the resort in the sectoral structures of the economy of the Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City include: The activities of the enterprises of the agricultural sector are aimed at providing food for the local population and vacationers.
6 agricultural enterprises, such as Arkhipo-Osipovskiy State Farm CJSC (growing fruit), Mikhaylovskiy Pereval JSC (growing fruit), Chateau de Talu LLC (growing grapes), Divnomorye JSC (growing grapes), Mezyb LLC (growing grapes), and Axis Investments JSC (growing grapes), as well as 155 peasant farm enterprises and 2,121 personal subsidiary plots, operate in the territory of the Municipal Formation Gelendzhik Resort City.
The main activity of agricultural enterprises is horticulture and viticulture. The main activity of small forms of economic management is plant growing and to a lesser extent livestock breeding.
The volume of agricultural production of all agricultural producers for 2020 is 610.9 million rubles, which is 23.6% less than that one in 2019.